NEW LEISHMANIA VACCINE FOR DOGS VISITING MEDITERRANEAN EUROPE

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16/04/2012
Leishmaniosis is a potentially fatal parasitic infection, transmitted through sandfly bites. It is endemic throughout the blue areas on the map below. (Sandflies exist in the pink regions but the disease is not yet endemic in these areas. A new vaccine (CaniLeish) is available but because it is so new a question remains as to how effective the vaccine is in preventing transmission of Leishmania or, if it doesn’t prevent transmission, reducing the risk of serious or fatal infection.

NEW LEISHMANIA VACCINE FOR DOGS VISITING SOUTHERN EUROPE


VACCINATION PROCEDURE

Dogs must be over six months old

Three injections are given at three week intervals, with yearly boosters

Dogs that have lived in Leishmania endemic regions should be blood tested for Leishmania before injections.

The cost of the initial three injection course is £112.50 plus VAT = £135.00

SIDE EFFECTS

Occasionally there can be transient swelling at the injection site. There may also be a transient fever. These side effects, while uncommon, are slightly more common than with other vaccines.

EFFICACY

An independent scientific paper, from Italian, Spanish and French researchers, presented in Birmingham in April, 2012 concludes that CaniLeish decreases fourfold the risk of Leishmania progressing to fatal disease, reduces the risk of contracting Leishmaniosis but does not prevent it.

 

At present, if you visit parts of Europe where Leishmania is endemic we recommend the following.

 

Apply ADVANTIX, a spot-on treatment, at least a week before your dog arrives in Mediterranean Europe. This is a sandfly, tick and flea repellent. Repeat applications monthly. 

To order ADVANTIX click here. Email jenny@londonvetclinic.co.uk or telephone us on 020 7723 2068 for a prescription. 

http://londonvetclinic.onlinevetshop.co.uk/search.aspx?SearchTerm=Advantix

 

Attach a properly sized SCALIBOR collar to your dog a few days after the Advantix treatment. This is also a sandfly and mosquito repellent. Remove the collar when your dog swims – because the repellent is harmful to fish. 

To order SCALIBOR click here. Email jenny@londonvetclinic.co.uk or telephone us on 020 7723 2068 for a prescription. 

http://londonvetclinic.onlinevetshop.co.uk/search.aspx?SearchTerm=Scalibor

 

Bring your dog indoors a half hour before sunset and keep it indoors until a half hour after sunrise. (Sandflies bite at night.)

 

Vaccinate with CaniLeish to add another layer of security but with the knowledge that vaccination reduces risk but does not eliminate it. 



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