The aim of diet management is to improve regulation of blood sugar and specifically to minimise the fluctuation in blood sugar triggered by eating. Avoid all semi-moist foods as these stimulate the greatest blood sugar increase after eating. Starchy foods require more digestion and this slows the rate of delivery of sugar into the blood stream. For example, a fibre called CMC (carboxymethylcellulose) helps slow stomach emptying and by doing so slow the delivery of sugar into the bloodstream. Some carbohydrates such as barley are digested slowly resulting in slow delivery of sugar into the blood stream. At the opposite end of the scale, rice is digested quickly, resulting in a blood sugar “peak” and sudden high insulin demand.
The best diet for a diabetic dog is made from a fixed formula with consistent carbohydrate, fat and high quality protein. More than 40 percent of the calories in the food should come from complex carbohydrate. Less than 20 percent of calories should come from fat.
Most major pet food manufacturers produce a range of “veterinary” diets formulated to help dogs with diabetes. These include Eukanuba Glucose Control Formula, Waltham Glucomodulation Support, Hill’s W/D, Purina Diabetes Colitis. We will give you specific advice.