Diagnostic Tests

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Diagnostic Tests For Brain And Nerve Disorders

When we carry out a neurological examination we do specific tests examining therse discrete activities:

  • Mental status
  • Head posture
  • Coordination
  • Circling
  • Stance and gait
  • Attitude
  • Menace response
  • Pupil light reflex and symmetry
  • Nystagmus
  • Facial muscle expression and symmetry

These pinpoint sites of possible damage or disease. We may need additional information such as:

  • BLOOD ANALYSIS
    Routine blood chemistry and hematology identify organic disease such as liver failure that may cause neurological signs.
  • ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM - EEG
    An EEG identifies changes in the electrical activity of the brain that may be related to seizures or tumours.
  • BRAINSTEM AUDITORY EVOKED RESPONSE - BAER
    This test monitors electrical changes in the brainstem and is useful for examining that area, particularly its ability to process hearing messages from the ears.
  • CEREBROSPINAL FLUID (CSF) ANALYSIS
    A needle is inserted into the spinal canal and fluid is collected. Changes occur with infection, inflammation and tumours. CSF pressure changes give clues to the presence of obstructions.
  • X-RAYS
    Plain x-rays reveal bone and cartilage damage and loss of symmetry. Contrast x-rays, called a myelogram outline the spinal cord. There is risk associated with contrast spinal x-rays
  • SCANS - CT and MRI
    These are the most revealing diagnostic aids, the best aids for examining the brain itself. Scans are conducted by the neurology specialists at Dick White Referrals.

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